The European Sport Model for Inclusion

  1. Adapted Sport – The concept is defined as a physical and sports activity, (Dictionary of Concepts, Names and Fonts for Inclusion – 205) – informal and formal, for all without exception, particularly marginalised segments of the population such as specific characteristics of human diversity, in its different dimensions. It should meet four concerns of each person: satisfy interests and motivations, be adequate to the capacities, safeguard the psychosomatic integrity, and fundamentally must ensure success and achieve goals. (JVC).  link

    Blind and low vision sport – Concept defined as the practice of a physical activity and preferably with caloric expenditure, informal but regular information throughout the life cycle to both genders and for all ages. Formal practice or competition is exclusively for those who, according to a system and method for grouping athletes according to their visual abilities participate in a class of the blind lower visual acuity than LogMAR 2.6 and practitioners with low vision who can be subdivided into two groups, with visual acuity ranging from LogMAR 1.5- 1.0 inclusive and visual field reduced to less than 10 degrees at 40 degrees. Minimum disability establishes who is eligible to compete and ranked (which defines how to group athletes for competition) and are practitioners with better visual acuity than LogMAR 1.0 is a visual field of 40 degrees or greater. (JVC).  link

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a term used to describe a person with certain limitations in cognitive functioning and other skills, including communication and self-care (Special Olympics, 2019).  link