INVOLVEMENT OF SECTORS: EDUCATION, HEALTH, CLUBS AND MUNICIPALITIES
Guide with the analysis
Regarding the involvement of education, health, sport clubs and municipality with the promotion of sport, at national level, the education sector is predominant until the age of 18 and then sport clubs emerge as responsible for the development of physical activity and from the age of 18 to the senior age.
In relation to the influence of the various sectors in the different levels of sports related to inclusion (physical literacy, high performance, physical education, recreation & fitness, others), it was verified that:
- At the physical literacy level, the active / very active sector are the clubs, followed by education;
- At the high performance level, the active / very active sector is the clubs and the private sector;
- At the healthy lifestyles level, the active / active sector is the clubs followed by municipalities and the private sector;
- At the physical education level, the active / most active sector is education, followed by the private sector;
- At the recreation & fitness level, the active / most active sector is the clubs followed by the private sector; in the other variants, the private sector was highlighted, followed by the municipalities.
It is important to mention that although the sector of municipalities is present across most levels, when asked about the responsibility of this sector in sports development by age category, the same does not have expression between the ages of 6 and 40, and its expression is low in all other ages.
As for the good practice questionnaires, it has been found that the sector most involved in good practices are the clubs – which is according to the data of the national level questionnaire – followed by education and then the municipalities.
Regarding the advantages/reasons/arguments of the sectors’ involvement in the development of sport and physical activities for all, on the national level questionnaires it was verified that:
Advantages / reasons / arguments and difficulties in the scope of the cooperative work with the different sectors expressed by respondents
|EDUCATION||-Teaching inclusion value -Education is the key to make the young generations understand the benefits the sports can offer -It Is important to get a high level educated experts for sport -Opportunity to have specific knowledge in sports -Complementation to continuous sport over time and age -Interaction in “Long-Term Sport Active Development” -Knowledge transfer -Teaching values in sport/ through sport -Children will get engaged with active lifestyle -Building positive attitude to people with disabilities, breaking stereotypes -Educational programmes specific related to para sports are very important -School can provide information on para sport activities||-Very complex structure -Scarce importance to sport from National Government -The place of the sport in the programs is limited young age -Law and administrations barriers -Robust system -Identification of particular partners -Some difficulties in activities made outside the school perimeter -Dependence on the engagement of the involved people -Lack of time in schools to promote sport -Knowledge of schools where the children can do sport -Closed system -Restrictions on privacy regulations and concerns|
|HEALTH||-Sport contributes to the population welfare -The health sector can motivate people with a disability to practice sports -Less diseases -It is important to include new potential athletes with disability -Opportunity for networking in sport dissemination has a “natural therapy and recovery” -Opportunity to have specific knowledge in base sports, in order to advise those more suitable for each case -Complementation to continuous sport over time and age -Interaction in “Long-Term Sport Active Development” in health life style – Awareness – Broaden the scope beyond the medical model -Build a pathway from rehabilitation to optimal wellbeing -Clubs: becoming more active (lifelong) by participating in sport -Private sector: same value -Municipalities: stimulate the cooperation between health and sport sector -Positive influence to health of people with disabilities -Health institutions are very important providers of information on para sport activities||-Overly Bureaucratic -Time is precious for health professionals overtraining -Law and administrations barriers -Robust system -Identification of particular partners -No connection or relation with others -Lack of awareness -Reticence to collaborate with allied professionals -Clubs don’t always have the knowledge of working with this particular target group -No priority to sport and physical activity -The knowledge where there is access to sport activities for this group -Hard to establish cooperation with clubs -Restrictions on privacy regulations and concerns|
|CLUBS||– Their spear on the National territory offers a lot of sports opportunities to disable people – The clubs play a key role in the integration of the people with a disability into the society – More athletes – Clubs have infrastructure and experts for sport – Opportunity for networking to attract practitioners – Opportunity to have specific knowledge in education and health system – Complementation to continuous sport over time and age with fundamentals in sport for early ages – Hands on experience – Strengthen participation in communities – Education: to reach every child and give access – Municipalities: support in facilities and funds – Health: exchange of knowledge of disabled people to the trainers and coaches – Getting more members – Getting new programs – Getting new fund – Here is where all organised activities take place – Clubs: in school pupils get to know the sport (introduction). After school they can continue doing the sports they like (and become member)||– Italian NPC operates with National Sports Federation. No direct links with Clubs – Integration requires a strong will and additional means their rules – Law and administrations barriers – Lack of management skills – Some difficulties in Knowledge in disabilities area – Lack of materials or conditions to promote adaptations and accessibilities – Lack of awareness – Lack of resources – How to reach this group – To have experts in training or coaching this group of disabled children (experience of trainers) – More trainers needed for a group – How you can organise this as a sport club – Lack of programs for people with disabilities – Restrictions on privacy regulations and concerns and small communities with low number of para sports participants – Which sport clubs in the neighbourhood/region are suitable for this target group – Clubs don›t always have the knowledge of working with this particular target group – Continuation of doing the activities after school (distance, transport etc.)|
|MUNICIPA LITIES||-Same as for clubs -Better advertisement -It Can change and improve an infrastructure for sport -Opportunity for networking to attract more practitioners and implementation of local/community policies on health and sport activity for life -Opportunity to have specific knowledge from sports -Interaction in “Long-Term Sport Active Development” in health life style financial support -Promote health through sports -Support and stimulate cooperation between the different sectors -Everyone participates in society by sport and PA -Implementing the police of sport and PA. -Better quality of life for all people -Information -Municipalities: make the connection between the clubs and private sector to offer sport activities -Municipalities: community sport coach who teaches or make the connection with other sport organizations in the neighbourhood||-Integration requires strong will and additional means -Requirements in contracts -Law and administrations barriers -Sport is usually not a priority -Political view and importance only to the mandates timeline -No vision in Long-Term results -Lack of financial support -Bureaucracy -How to reach this group -What you can do as a municipality, coordinating, connecting, supporting facilitating or financial matters -Other organization what for the municipality to take initiative -Not aware enough of the problems -Restrictions on privacy regulations and concerns|
It should be noted that responses between the national level questionnaires and the good practices questionnaire were similar, and it was verified that:
- At the level of the education sector, the advantages/reasons/arguments of having an important role in teaching inclusive and sporting values, from lower ages onwards, make them be aware of and understand the importance of sport for all. In addition, it makes it possible to promote sport as a promoter of the educational process in general and the promotion of active lifestyles;
- At the level of the health sector, the advantages/reasons/arguments of promoting healthy lifestyles and contributing to an improvement in the overall health status of persons with disabilities are highlighted. Being that, this sector is important to people with disabilities to engage in physical activity and to inform / recruit athletes, being an essential component of rehabilitation;
- At the level of the club sector, the advantages/reasons/arguments of having infrastructures, sports coaches and diversification of the sport practice or program that responds to the needs / interests of people throughout life are highlighted. It plays a fundamental role in promoting the inclusion of people with disabilities in society, and it is important to have a link with a reference association in order to provide adequate support;
- At the level of municipalities, it is highlighted as benefits / advantages to gather the information about the sport program in the community, having an essential role in promoting the articulation between the different sectors. In addition, it is a source of funding and provision of infrastructure and organizational support.
Also regarding the difficulties or disadvantages of the sectors’ involvement in the development of physical and sports activity for all, as it can be seen in the table 2, the answers between the national level questionnaires and the good practices questionnaire were similar, and it was verified that:
- At the education level, it is highlighted how difficulties / disadvantages center on the rigidity of the system, with very complex structures and difficulties in flexibilizing practices, which makes it difficult to make practice inclusive for all. In addition, the shortage of time, information and material are indicated as factors that condition the development of sport for people with disabilities;
- At the health level, a lack of knowledge about the sports offerings for people with disabilities and the difficulty in articulating with the different sectors, as well as some disagreement among health professionals with regard to the benefits of sport for all;
- At the club level, the lack of access to funding as well as accessible infrastructures, specific materials and the lack of specific knowledge on the part of professionals are highlighted as difficulties / disadvantages. There is not much variety of sports programs in clubs that include people with disabilities, nor the difficulty of the collaboration of sports technical assistants.
- At municipal level, it highlights as difficulties / disadvantages the legislative and political priorities that sometimes do not prioritize sport and do not invest in this scope, which makes it difficult to promote sports actions for all.