SPORT PARTICIPATION: FACILITATORS & BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION
Guide with the analysis
Barriers and facilitators in inclusive sport
|Social Environment||– Family support
– Positive attitudes towards inclusion
|Physical Environment||– Assistive technologies
– Marketing and information
|Personal Factors||– Personality and confidence||Demographic data and social background|
- Regarding the social environment, family support and positive attitudes towards inclusion were identified as key facilitator factors; on the other hand funding appears to be a main barrier. As for the other aspects, staff qualification, culture, policies and others were considered barriers at the national level questionnaire, and in the good practices questionnaire they were considered as facilitators, with the exception of the culture that at this level was considered both as a barrier and as a facilitator.
- Regarding the physical environment, it was found that in relation to the facilitators both in the national level questionnaire and in the good practices questionnaire, assistive technologies and marketing and information were found to be consensus factors; also in the barriers both considered the transport as a barrier in common. Regarding the other aspects, facilities, equipment and others constituted barriers at the national level questionnaire facilities and equipment, and in the good practices questionnaire they were considered as facilitators, with the exception of others that at national level were considered both as a barrier as facilitator.
- Regarding the personal factors, it was found that in relation to the facilitators both in the national level questionnaire and in the good practices questionnaire, it was verified that personality and confidence were factors of consensus; also on the barriers both considered demographic data and social background as barriers in common. For the remaining aspects, past experience was considered a barrier in the national level questionnaire, but a facilitator in the good practice questionnaire; as far as the others in the good practices were not mentioned and in the national level questionnaire, they were considered facilitators.
In general, the following stand out as common facilitating factors: family support, attitudes to inclusion, marketing and information, assistive technologies, personality and confidence; and as common barriers: financing, transport, demographic data and social background.
It can be verified that the barriers presented in the different topics are top variables whose intervention is mainly dependent on the system, and in the facilitators there is a greater possibility of direct intervention. However, threats and weaknesses must always be taken into account in order to create opportunities and make them more conducive to inclusion in sport.